A mountain is a raised part of the Earth’s crust with steep sides and exposed bedrock. A mountain is bigger than a hill and has a smaller peak area than a plateau, rising at least 300 meters (1000 feet) above the surrounding ground. Only a few mountains have solitary peaks, while the majority are part of larger mountain ranges.
Mountains are created by tectonic forces, erosion, and volcanism, all of which operate on time spans of millions of years or more. Mountains are gradually flattened once mountain formation stops, due to weathering, slumping, and other kinds of mass wasting, as well as erosion by rivers and glaciers.
At equal latitudes, high altitudes on mountains provide cooler temperatures than at sea level. These cooler temperatures have a significant impact on mountain ecosystems, as various elevations have distinct flora and animals. Mountains are utilized less for agriculture and more for resource extraction, such as mining and logging, and recreation, such as mountain climbing and skiing, due to the less favorable terrain and climate.
Mount Everest, in Asia’s Himalayas, is the tallest peak on the planet, with an elevation of 8,850 meters (29,035 feet) above mean sea level. Olympus Mons on Mars, at 21,171 meters, is the tallest known peak on any planet in the Solar System (69,459 ft).
A mountain has no widely recognized definition. The criteria for defining a mountain have included elevation, volume, relief, steepness, spacing, and continuity. “A natural elevation of the earth surface rising more or less suddenly from the surrounding level and achieving an altitude which, relative to the neighboring elevation, is remarkable or conspicuous,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
Whether or whether a landform is referred to be a mountain may be determined by local custom. Mount Scott is located outside of Lawton, Oklahoma, and rises to a height of 251 meters (823 feet). “Some sources classify eminences exceeding 600 meters (2,000 feet) as mountains, whereas those below are referred to as hills,” according to Whittow’s Dictionary of Physical Geography.
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