Fianna Fáil was founded on 23 March 1926 when a group of Dáil deputies led by Éamon de Valera split from the original Sinn Féin. … From the formation of the first Fianna Fáil government on 9 March 1932 until the 2011 general election, the party was in power for 61 of 79 years.
Was Michael Collins Fianna Fail?
Michael J. Collins (born 1 November 1940) is a former Irish politician who served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for Limerick West from 1997 to 2007. Until 2002, he was a member of Fianna Fáil, and since then has been Independent.
Who is Mike Collins?
Naples, Florida, U.S. Michael Collins (October 31, 1930 – April 28, 2021) was an American astronaut who flew the Apollo 11 command module Columbia around the Moon in 1969 while his crewmates, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, made the first crewed landing on the surface.
Why did Sinn Fein split in two?
Treaty and Civil War
The principal reason for the split is usually described as the question of the Oath of Allegiance to the Irish Free State, which members of the new Dáil would be required to take. … Early in 1923, pro-treaty Sinn Féin TDs led by W. T. Cosgrave formed a new party, Cumann na nGaedheal.
Who is the current leader of Fianna Fail?
Incumbent. Micheál Martin
The Leader of Fianna Fáil is the most senior politician within the Fianna Fáil political party in Ireland. Since 26 January 2011, the office has been held by Micheál Martin, following the resignation of Taoiseach Brian Cowen as leader of the party.
What is the meaning of Sinn Fein?
Sinn Féin (/ˌʃɪn‖ˈfeɪn/) (“ourselves” or “we ourselves”) and Sinn Féin Amháin (“ourselves only / ourselves alone / solely us”) are Irish-language phrases used as a political slogan by Irish nationalists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.
What is Fianna Fail in Ireland?
listen); meaning ‘Soldiers of Destiny’ or ‘Warriors of Fál’), officially Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party (Irish: Fianna Fáil – An Páirtí Poblachtánach), is a conservative and Christian-democratic political party in Ireland.
How do you pronounce Fianna Gael?
and Fine Gael, pronounced FIN-uh GAYL (-i as in sit, -ay as in say) (Listen on RTE.)
Who is on the left-wing?
Political scientists and other analysts regard the left as including anarchists, communists, socialists, democratic socialists, social democrats, left-libertarians, progressives and social liberals. Movements for racial equality and trade unionism have also been associated with the left.
Why are Fine Gael called the blue shirts?
The group provided physical protection for political groups such as Cumann na nGaedheal from intimidation and attacks by the anti-Treaty IRA. … Most of the political parties whose meetings the Blueshirts protected would merge to become Fine Gael, and members of that party are still sometimes nicknamed “Blueshirts”.
Who is deputy leader of Fine Gael?
The Leader of Fine Gael is the most senior politician within the Fine Gael political party in Ireland. Since 2 June 2017, the office has been held by Leo Varadkar following the resignation of Enda Kenny. The Deputy Leader of Fine Gael is Simon Coveney.
Who were the Anglo Irish lords?
In the 19th century, some of the most prominent mathematical and physical scientists of the British Isles, including Sir William Rowan Hamilton, Sir George Stokes, John Tyndall, George Johnstone Stoney, Thomas Romney Robinson, Edward Sabine, Thomas Andrews, Lord Rosse, George Salmon, and George FitzGerald, were Anglo- …
Are any of the original Apollo astronauts still alive?
Apollo astronauts who walked on the Moon
Twelve people have walked on the Moon, all of them as part of the Apollo program. Four of them are still living as of October 2021. … On each of the Apollo 17 extravehicular activities (EVAs), Harrison Schmitt and Eugene Cernan walked on the Moon.
Has there ever been an astronaut lost in space?
A total of 18 people have lost their lives either while in space or in preparation for a space mission, in four separate incidents. Given the risks involved in space flight, this number is surprisingly low. … The remaining four fatalities during spaceflight were all cosmonauts from the Soviet Union.
Can I become an astronaut?
The minimum qualifications necessary to become an astronaut are listed on NASA’s website. In order to become a NASA astronaut, someone needs to be a U.S. citizen and must earn a master’s degree in biological science, physical science, computer science, engineering or math.