Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which competitors strike balls into a succession of holes on a course in the fewest number of strokes feasible.
Unlike other ball sports, golf does not have a uniform playing area, and navigating the various terrains seen on different courses is an important component of the game. The game is usually played on a course with an 18-hole ordered sequence, however leisure courses are sometimes smaller, with nine holes. Each hole on the course must have a teeing ground to begin with, as well as a putting green with the actual hole or cup, which must be 4+14″ (11 cm) in diameter. Other basic terrain types in between include the fairway, rough (long grass), bunkers (or “sand traps”), and different hazards (water, rocks), although each hole on a course is unique in its layout and design.
Individuals or teams compete for the lowest score on the most individual holes in a whole round, known as stroke play, or the lowest score on the most individual holes in a whole round, known as match play. At all levels, but notably at the elite level, stroke play is the most popular format.
Golf as we know it now began in Scotland in the 15th century. In 1764, the Old Course at St Andrews developed the 18-hole round. The Open Championship, often known as the British Open, is golf’s first major and the world’s oldest tournament. It was originally held in 1860 at Prestwick Golf Club in Ayrshire, Scotland. The Masters, the U.S. Open, and the PGA Championship are the other three major tournaments in men’s professional golf, all of which are held in the United States: The Masters, the U.S. Open, and the PGA Championship.
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