In a number of circumstances, a male monarch is referred to as king. The feminine equivalent is queen regnant, but the title of queen is normally reserved for a king’s consort.
The term may relate to tribal royalty in prehistory, antiquity, and current indigenous peoples. Germanic kingship is related to Indo-European tribal rulership traditions (see. Indic rjan, Gothic reiks, and Old Irish r, for example).
In classical antiquity, king was referred to as rex in Latin and archon or basileus in Greek.
The title of king as the ruler of a kingdom is regarded to be the highest level in the feudal hierarchy in ancient European feudalism, possibly subordinate, at least ostensibly, only to an emperor (harking back to the client kings of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire).
The title may refer to the ruler of one of a number of contemporary monarchs in a modern setting (either absolute or constitutional). The title of king is used with other monarchy titles such as emperor, grand prince, prince, archduke, duke, or grand duke in the West, and malik, sultan, emir, or hakim in the Islamic world.
Tlatoani were pre-Hispanic Mesoamerican rulers who ruled the city-states of the Aztec Empire. The Aztec ruler Huey Tlatoani was known as Huey Tlatoani.
The title of king consort is occasionally given to the spouse of a ruling queen, while the title of prince consort is occasionally used instead.
The English word king comes from the Anglo-Saxon word cyning, which comes from the Common Germanic word *kuningaz. The term kuningas was acquired from Common Germanic at an early date and survived in Estonian and Finnish. The -inga- suffix is derived from the root *kunjom “kin” (Old English cynn). The exact meaning is “son or descendent of one of high origin,” or even “scion of the clan” (OED).
The English phrase translates to and is regarded equivalent to the Latin rx and its many European language counterparts. The Germanic name differs significantly from other Indo-European languages’ words for “King” (*rks “ruler”; Latin rx, Sanskrit rjan, and Irish rg; nonetheless, see Gothic reiks and, for example, modern German Reich and modern Dutch rijk).
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